This week’s instalment focuses on another of the Ramesside kings, Ramesses III.
The mummy of Ramesses III (Source: Eternal Egypt).
Ramesses III was the second pharaoh of the Twentieth Dynasty. He was the son of Setnakhte who was king before him. He had many children including three future kings: Ramesses IV, Ramesses VI, and Ramesses VIII.
Ramesses III ruled for around 31 years which is a relatively long rule in comparison to other ancient Egyptian kings. He is considered to be one of the last great Egyptian rulers as he maintained power over Egypt until the end of his reign when economic decline and invasions weakened the country’s power.
Scene from Medinet Habu depicting Ramesses III in battle with the Sea Peoples (Source: Teaching The Middle East).
Throughout his reign, Ramesses III managed to repel invasions from the Sea Peoples and Libyans, including two successful battles against the…
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Chiron (Kheiron – ‘hand’) was the wise Centaur who plays the role of mentor-instructor to a number of youthful heroes of ancient Greek mythology. Unlike most Centaurs (whose nature was generally as excitable, wild and untameable as young stallions) he was often depicted in earlier Greek art with the full body of a man, having the torso and rear quarters of a horse coming from his back. This depiction is at odds with that usually associated with centaurs, who tend to be shown with all of their limbs being those of the horse:
Our earliest sources (eg – Hesiod c.8th-7thC BCE) suggest that Chiron was a son of Cronos (Chironos?) who was sired upon the Okeanid nymph Philyra of Mount Pelion in Thessaly. To quote the summaries on…
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